Veins of the Upper Limb

 

SUPERFICIAL VEINS OF THE UPPER LIMB

Superficial veins form many interconnections and can be removed without worrying about loss of blood blow back to the heart. The superficial veins are also used for intravenous injections in clinical settings. After many injections, the venous walls collapse and become fibrosed and unusable. These fibrotic vessels can be easily spotted.

The veins start on the back of the hand in a dorsal plexus and become two major veins. The cephalic vein empties into the last part of the axillary vein in the pectoral region and the basilic vein joins the brachial vein to become the axillary vein in the mid-arm region.
veins of dorsal hand
  1. cephalic v.
  2. basilic v.
  3. median cubital v.
  4. medial cutaneous nerve of forearm
    medial antebrachial cutaneous n.
  5. lateral cutaneous nerve of forearm
    lateral antebrachial cutaneous n.
superficial veins and nerves
DEEP VEINS OF THE UPPER LIMB

The deep veins are named the same as the artery they run parallel to and frequently are multiple (vena comitans). The superficial and deep veins of the arm communicate freely.
  • brachial vein
  • cephalic vein
  • basilic vein
 

 

VENA COMITANTES

The veins that run with their corresponding arteries are frequently multiple
(2 or 3 interconnected veins). This interconnected venous network is
called the vena commitantes.

vena commitantes

cadaver